Toyota dips a cautious toe into the electric-vehicle pool — again — with the capable 2021 RAV4 Prime plug-in hybrid that just went on sale. Jump in. The electrons are fine.
As brands like Audi, Cadillac, GMC, Ford and Volkswagen dive into the market for 100% electric vehicles, Toyota instead continues to refine and improve the hybrid technology that powered its massive sales surge in the early 2000s. The other giants see hybrids largely as a rest stop on the highway toward a future of 100% electric vehicles — a nice place to stretch your legs, with hybrids now receding in the rearview. Toyota is enjoying a picnic there, confident it’ll catch up later.
For those of you who don’t follow EV technology like it’s the only sport on TV — shout-out, NBA playoffs — the world’s automakers have largely split into two camps as they work to reduce petroleum consumption and greenhouse gases:
– Some, led by Toyota, continue to invest heavily developing new hybrids, vehicles that have both a gasoline engine and electric motors and batteries. Plug-in hybrids, like the RAV4 Prime, get a bigger battery you can charge from an outlet to drive farther on electricity before you start burning gasoline. (Toyota has one vehicle powered by a hydrogen fuel cell, but it’s an asterisk in a conversation about currently available technologies.)
– Other automakers have moved on to electric vehicles powered solely by batteries. Battery electric vehicles — BEVs to auto execs who can turn anything into an acronym — don’t have a gasoline engine. They run purely on electricity, from a charging station or regular household current, though the latter takes 12 hours for a full charge.
Plug-in hybrids — PHEVS, don’t ya know? — like the RAV4 Prime are a midpoint between conventional hybrids and EVs. Their batteries are big enough to go farther on electricity alone — 42 miles in the RAV4 Prime, a distance that covers many people’s daily need. The gasoline engine kicks in for longer trips, or when charging from the regular power grid isn’t available. The RAV4 Prime is Toyota’s second plug-in. The first, the Prius Prime, enjoyed modest success, with a correspondingly modest 25-mile battery range.
Toyota is developing BEVs, but conservatively, as is its wont.
The RAV4 Prime is one of Toyota’s quickest vehicles. Its 5.7-second 0-60 mph time is tops among Toyota’s four-door models. That’s thanks to 302 total horsepower from its gasoline engine and electric motors. That’s 99 hp more than the gasoline-only RAV4. The Prime also has more torque than the gasoline model, though Toyota doesn’t provide a specific figure on the grounds that it’s hard to figure out because of the complex interaction between gasoline engine and electric motors. The RAV4 is Toyota’s best-selling vehicle in the U.S. by a wide margin, and the country’s top selling nonpickup, so the Prime is kind of a big deal. Acceleration is strong, either in battery-only EV mode or using hybrid power when the engine and motors work together seamlessly.
The steering is responsive and the brakes feel natural and are easy to modulate as they perform the complex ballet of combining conventional brakes and the electricity producing regenerative braking that keeps the battery able to boost power and fuel economy after the all-electric range is exhausted.
The batteries and motors add about 810 pounds to the weight of a well-equipped model like the XSE Premium I tested. Luggage space behind the rear seat decreases about 4 cubic feet to make room for the batteries, but remains useful at 33.4 cubic feet with the large sun roof.